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Health Policy Analysis – Legalization of Cannabis


What are the current political forces, including political history, environment, and policy debate?

Although the use of cannabis is imminent in many states in this country, the introduction of low- Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) cannabis prescriptions in treatment of migraines face varied political dynamism. While the proponents advocate for its benefits, the other segment of leadership may raise critical concerns regarding the ethics and viability of these doses. Evidently, the democrats consider promoting the issue, while the republicans tend to oppose just for political mileage in the nation. The division witnessed in recent past between Democrats and Republicans slows down the adoption and implementation processes.

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Who are the stakeholders, including supporters and opponents?

The key stakeholders in this procedure include health practitioners, researchers, government agencies, private investors, communities alongside other interested parties. At the same time, legal firms and certain human rights organization will become interested in the policy. There are several reasons for each fragment to consider this plan as vital. Clinicians, as participants, will ensure that the new approach reduces illegal use of cannabis sativa among the population. Moreover, investors may question the profitability of this procedure as to whether the target consumers will follow the prescription owing to their financial value. Communities will raise concerns on the ethicality and viability of this step based on moral standards.

What are the potential social, educational, and cultural perspectives associated with the policy option (e.g., lack of knowledge, fear of change, force of habit)?

There are multiple potential social, education and cultural dynamics attached to this policy. Some members of the public possibly will not be aware of the health benefits, others could fear addiction for lack of scientific knowledge. At the same time, religious individuals may become adamant to using the substance in hospital for fear of contravening their faith. Likewise, certain health professionals might be skeptical for fear of unknown.

What are the potential impacts of the policy on other sectors and high priority issues (e.g., sustainability, economic impact)?

Essentially, legalization of cannabis will lead to increased use for other sectors, such as recreation. The policy will trickle down into the economic and habitual implications of cannabis in societies. One of the main impacts will be the rise in revenue collection as well as improved cure to chronic conditions. The government can then channel funds to other segments to promote comprehensive growth. Job creation in legalization of this medicinal substance will also be pivotal in demographic shift, income, and education desires (Budney & Borodovsky, 2017). These values may have intriguing consequences in the economy depending on the government’s focus on implementation.


What are the resource, capacity, and technical needs developing, enacting, and implementing the policy?

The procedural development, enactment and implementation require substantial contribution from both federal and state governments. Momentarily, it requires skillful contributions of legal experts alongside the health officials to define the delineation of use within hospital. Also, it demands scientific data and factual prove of its effectiveness to convince all stakeholders (Carliner et al., 2017). Primarily, the process needs an integrated approach to ensure that there is essentially awareness and participation from all parties. Such requirement may call for capital investment in trading and public education to make the policy viable in managing migraines as it is used in other conditions.

How much time is needed for the policy to be enacted, implemented, and enforced?

Although the various facets may have interest in the whole procedure, understanding the key contents of this policy will be the most important determinant of timeline. Logically, it should take one year to undertake all the procedures and ensure that the policy goes through the required steps and becomes law (Legal Information Institute, n.d.). Nonetheless, the strategy employed in executing the context will become necessary to ensure that nobody fails to participate. While the current legalization focuses on Texas, it can also be transferred to other states to enhance Federal adoption and uniformity countrywide applicability.

How scalable, flexible and transferable is the policy

The legalization procedure focuses in undoing several penalties and punishment attached to illegal deals. This policy is targeting heterogeneous population, including those from across the border of other states. Thus, it will be flexible enough to provide defining values between legal framework and recreational practices. The implementation team should provide a leeway for overlapping variables within the article. Texas can also learn from other local governments to enhance practice making this rule to be highly transferable.

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Budney, A. J., & Borodovsky, J. T. (2017). The potential impact of cannabis legalization on the development of cannabis use disorders. Preventive Medicine, 104, 31-36. Web.

Carliner, H., Brown, Q. L., Sarvet, A. L., & Hasin, D. S. (2017). Cannabis use, attitudes, and legal status in the US: a review. Preventive Medicine, 104, 13-23.

Legal Information Institute. (n.d.). Legislation. Cornell Law School. Web.

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