Integrating Communicative Approach Into My Current Teaching Philosophy

The communicative approach, also referred to as Communicative Language Teaching (CLT), has occupied the central part of language teaching discussions since the late 1960s. This concept emphasizes problem solving and interactions as the means and final goal of learning a second language (Educopedia Aulas Inglês, 2020). Hence, it stresses essential...

English Is a Crazy Language

Language is one of the most important and most ancient phenomena of human culture. People’s words in everyday life form a fascinating and peculiar world with its secrets and mysteries. Speaking in detail about the English language, it occupies a unique position in its completeness and strength. Today more than...

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Nine Misconceptions About Language

Language is a subject not exempt from misconceptions, some of which are pervasive even among students studying linguistics. In an attempt to alleviate the situation, in the chapter “Nine Ideas About Language,” Harvey A. Daniels (1985) closely investigates nine such misconceptions, relying on compelling arguments and their rather extensive analysis....

Language Continuum in Arabic Multiglossia

The article analyzes the Arabic language’s ‘multiglossia’ since different varieties of the Arabic language exist in the language community, which are used depending on circumstances. The author suggests applying Badawi’s five levels of Contemporary Egyptian Arabic when analyzing the linguistic situation in Egypt. These levels consider sociolinguistic aspects of using...

The Voice of Classroom: Native and Non-native Educators in English Language Teaching

Abstract Promoting active information acquisition among students is a challenging task for any teacher. However, it becomes even more complicated to empower learners to attain success when having a poor understanding of their culture or language. Although non-native speakers (NNS) of English can deliver rather efficient results as teachers, the...

Teaching American Literature to Non-native Speakers

Introduction There can be few doubts as to the fact that when compared to what is being the case with teaching American literature to native speakers, teaching this literature to non-native speakers poses several different challenges. This is because, it is not only that many non-native speakers often lack the...

Call Standard in EFL Instructions in Saudi Arabian Education

Introduction In the given paper, the issues concerning the way students and teachers in Saudi Arabia access, use and treat the CALL standard in EFL instructions concerning the preparatory year program at the University of Tabuk are going to be considered and the existing approaches are going to be evaluated....

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Classical Arabic as a Mode of Communication in the Contemporary Environment

Each language in the world demonstrates features of a living organism, as some of them evolve and take new forms, while others gradually disappear and die. Arabic remains one of the most spoken languages globally, and there are several varieties of it. The diversity of Arabic is determined by its...

Effect of Language on the Way People Think

People of different cultures do not see the world around them in the same way. Those differences are often manifested in the languages they speak. Some linguists believe that language shapes the way we think, while others argue that language does not control the human ability to think and understand...

Dysphemism in Political Discourse Examples

In his inauguration speech, Donald Trump vowed to fight “radical Islamic terrorism” (Hizbullah and Al Makmun). This type of labeling offends the Muslim population. President Trump assigned a certain religion to terrorists. Terrorism should be considered separate from religion. President Trump often discussed his “America First” ideology with foreign representatives...

English Language Learners Should Be Immersed in English

English language learners (ELLs) cover a significant number of students in the United States and require distinctive educational strategies to comprehend the learning material better. From the educator’s point of view, it is a genuine art to permeate the second language into the native language of a student. Proper knowledge...

Ambiguity and Irony in “The Story of an Hour”

Chopin (1894) uses ambiguity and irony in “The story of an hour” to highlight the devastating effect of social standards and the necessity to scarify personal happiness to fit the image created by society. The author’s attempt to deride the widespread belief that marriage is a synonym to joy is...

Language and Child’s Cognitive Development

Language development significantly contributes to a child’s overall development as it helps one think, speak, write, express thoughts, and understand. Primarily, language creates the foundation for all kinds of communication. A delay in language development may result in frustration and miscommunication (Otto 46). Therefore, parents should pay special attention to...

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Low English Proficiency and International Students’ Academic Success

There is an opinion that the biggest challenge that international students experience in UK universities is low English proficiency. I entirely agree with this argument because a lack of mastery in the English language prevents foreign students from gaining as much benefit from their studies as possible. Although some people...

Obama’s State of the Union Address Summary

The American president Barrack Obama on the 27th of January 2010 said that the constitution of America required the president to tell congress the information regarding the state of the union. He said that although America may seem to have been destined to succeed there was a time when that...

Recommendations for Future Language Development

Lesson Number Functional/ structural Skills objectives Phonological objectives Lexical objectives Rationale 1. To be able to use the present simple of the verb to be when introducing people. To develop the use of the verb to bein the present tense. To develop speaking skills to introduce oneself and introduce others....

English Language Learners Classrooms & Instructional Strategies

English Language Learners must pass a speaking and writing portion of language proficiency assessment for scoring out and being fully immersed in mainstream classes without support. There exist a number of students with different cultural backgrounds who are unable to speak or write English fluently or too shy to speak...

Can Adults Reach Same Level of Proficiency as Children

Introduction The acquisition of L2 is a process that is complex as many individuals may not achieve proficiency as expected. An individual’s ability to achieve proficiency in pronunciation of an L2 is influenced by a complexity of factors besides the age factor, such as; socioeconomic status, gender, amount of exposure...

The Learning of the Second Language

Introduction The most important reason for learning a new language is to convey information in a certain language. Acquisition of language skills does not entail the use of extensively conscious grammatical regulations or hard drilling as many would think. It instead requires one to be patient since the process is...

Steve Jobs’ Commencement Speech Rhetorical Analysis

Introduction Steve Jobs, one of the founders and shareholders of Apple, is famous for introducing unique strategies that tend to evoke general interest to his model of business. One of the major constituents dragging mass attention to Jobs’ success formula is his speech. The three rhetorical components of the man’s...

Mental Lexicon and Language Lexicon

A lexicon is a group of words within the same language. Also known as thesaurus, a lexicon arranges the mental vocabulary of a language according to certain values. The lexicon of a language is the groupings of words, expressions, and vocabularies. A person’s mental lexicon, or lexical understanding, or idea...

What Makes the “Singapore” Text Effective?

A non-literary text of the “Singapore” flyer is a type of analysis advertisement. This text aims at informing the reader about the chosen Central Singapore District and the importance to recognize its activities in society, underling the concepts of inequality and social support. At first glance, the author of this...

Pride Definitions in The Bible and Everyday Life

Pride is a complex word and a concept that can be rather ambiguous. It corresponds to two polarly different meanings, and finding a line between them may be difficult at times. The first interpretation of this term which comes to mind is connected to the one from the Bible, where...

The Lexical Decision-Making Process: A Pseudoword

Introduction It is important to review the current literature in order to broaden the overall understanding of the lexical decision-making process. A study suggests that the given concept is mainly comprised of two regimes, which are high levels of competition for low frequency words and revisions for pseudowords (Barca &...

Sociocultural Context for Correct Translation

A good translation is essential to communicate an original idea using another language. A translator achieves good translation if they realize the urgency and self-evidence of the original text. In this regard, a good translation is possible when the translated text echoes and focuses on the original message and similarly...

The Distribution of Word Pairs in the English Language

The present paper aims at explaining the distribution of word pairs in the English language based on different types of similarities they may have. Every word in every language has three different aspects that do not depend on each other. These three aspects are pronunciation or phonetics, spelling or graphical...

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Company’s Organizational Behavior in COVID-19 Outbreak

Today successfully managing a company is as challenging as ever during a COVID-19 outbreak with no clear perspective. It becomes increasingly hard to be sustainable and overcome the barriers of flexible working. According to vital-learning.com, bad management costs organizations an average of $33 per day resulting in high employer turnover,...

Tone in “I Hear America Singing” by Walt Whitman

Introduction Walt Whitman is a free verse innovator and reformer of American poetry, whose primary ideas are people’s closeness to nature and kinship of a person with all people and all phenomena of the world. Moreover, he gained fame as the first nationwide poet in the United States since an...

The Words on Your Plate: Analysis of the Food Words

Food Words Food words in any language have completely different origins, as some of them are were borrowed and became an integral part of its vocabulary when the need for them occurred. Moreover, the meaning of any word drifts with time, just like its pronunciation. Nevertheless, people have a chance...

Literacy Practices in Different Contexts

Maintaining one’s language is an essential part of developing as a person. A child or an adult in a foreign country may acquire spoken language skills without much effort, but writing and reading are deliberate processes that require full attention and certain techniques. Literacy is honed depending on the setting...

Language Power: Experience, Knowledge, Skills

The power of language is a unique ability peculiar to human beings. Although some animals can communicate in non-verbal ways, making different sounds can hardly be called a speech. The language became the primary tool for communication between people, with which thoughts were transmitted from one person to another, from...

Grant Application Video Script

Hello, my name is [], and I am [current education/qualification]. I hope to use the grant offered by National Vision and the National Optometric Association to further research, education, and awareness about diabetic retinopathy. In particular, the problem of undiagnosed or untreated diabetes in the African American community is at...

Improving Teaching through Reflection

Introduction Teachers’ responsibilities involve making multiple decisions while attempting to promote student learning. The choices belong to three broader categories: implementing, planning, and assessing (Hidayati, 2018). In the adult coaching mechanisms, significant learning experiences involve reassessing, critical self-reflection, and an individual’s self-orientation to action. When the above issues are given...

Language Discrimination in the USA

Introduction One can hardly imagine the modern world without any language. It would have been impossible to achieve the current level of development in the spheres of economics, culture, and others if people had not had an opportunity to express their thoughts verbally. It is challenging to overestimate the role...

Rhetorical Appeals as a Means of Convincing the Audience

Rhetorical appeals are persuasion methods that are often used by speakers to convince their audience. A person can use any appeals depending on the context or people he or she is addressing. In his court ruling, Judge Pauley used logical appeal to guide his final verdict in the case of...

The Performance of Students Learning Different Languages

Research Participants The participants of this research were primarily drawn from the linguistic class of 2011. This constituted a sample of 74 students. The students answered the survey questions covering questions about age, gender, different kinds of marks and total grade. The sample size therefore consisted of 74 respondents based...

“Mother Tongue” by Amy Tan: Overview and Analysis

In the article Mother Tongue, Amy Tan, a daughter of Chinese immigrants brought up in America, describes the importance of the mother tongue in her life. The definition of “mother tongue” relates to the language of the country of her origin, as well as the tongue her mother speaks. The...

Language Evolution: The Major Schools of Thought

Introduction Different scholars and researchers in the field of linguistics have presented diverse views regarding the evolution and nature of language. Derek Bickerton is one of such theorists whose works have managed to shed more light on the matter. He wrote extensively in language evolution in an attempt to understand...

Writing for Entertainment Shows: Pros and Cons

One should be aware that writing with the purpose of entertainment instead of informing has several advantages and disadvantages. The major benefit of such an approach is the presence of an opportunity to introduce humor and comedy. By having an additional objective of making people laugh, an author receives more...

Grammy Award for Best Artist: Speech Preparation

Ladies and gentlemen, First of all, I should say that it is a great honor for me to be here today and present the Grammy award for the best new artist of the year. Since 1959, when the first ceremony was held, the Grammy Award has aimed to recognize major...

Pyramid Building: Communication to the Pharaoh

The lead architect communicates to the Pharaoh: In life, prosperity and health! This is a missive to inform you my good lord of his goodly plans for his pyramid. The height of the pyramid, according to the plan, is 480 feet. We expect to finish the construction in 23 years...

8 Harmful Examples of Standard American English Privilege

The article, written by a public anthropologist Andrew Hernández, provides an overview of eight essential benefits that are obtained by those who speak Standard American English (SAE). Apart from that, the author discusses the detriments of the non-SAE speakers and issues of discrimination on the language base. The current paper...

Chinese English. “Mother Tongue” by Amy Tan

The article under consideration, “Mother Tongue” by Amy Tan, sets the context for exploring the variations of the English language and its correctness from the point of view of the literary version. The author thereby claims that the English of Chinese immigrants is no worse than its any other form...

The Magical Science of Storytelling

All the stories David Phillips told in the video evoked different kinds of emotions: from joy and interest to sadness and sympathy. The reason is that while listening to stories, the brain is filled with neurotransmitters and hormones such as dopamine, serotonin, oxytocin, and others, the so-called “angel’s cocktail” (TEDx...

“Mother Tongue” by Amy Tan

Introduction Amy Tan is an English writer who grew up in a Chinese family that migrated to America. She is an author of several novels and one of her most popular ones is “The Joy Luck Club.” Mostly, her works focus on the mother-daughter relationship because Tan was brought up...

Mother Tongue by Amy Tan: Critical Analysis

It is fair to say that the opinion about people is often based on the way they use language. In the essay Mother Tongue, Amy Tan (2006) reflects on different aspects related to intelligence and the use of language varieties. Referring to her own experience, the author describes how her...

“Why We Hate Waiting”: Creating the Basis for the Essay

Writing an essay can be challenging when an individual meets a writing block. However, there are several writing techniques such as freewriting, responding to the text, brainstorming, or journaling that help to deal with this problem. This paper aims to utilize freewriting and responding to the text techniques to create...

Aspects of Bilingual Acquisition

In his article on the bilingual acquisition, Genesee (2006) focused on the main concerns expressed by parents and educators regarding the ways preschool children gain proficiency in two languages simultaneously. The author suggested that all children can learn two languages in their early childhood if they are consistently exposed to...

“Kiduage” New York Times Article by Safire Review

On Language was weekly New York Times Magazine’s regular column that discussed some language-related topics such as new or unusual usages and popular etymology; the very first column was published on February 18, 1979. William Safire, a famous American journalist and columnist, was one of the most well-known and frequent...

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The ability to speak and write in a foreign language is considered to be one of the essential skills nowadays. Modern life and globalization dictate its own conditions, one of which is the requirement to know English at least at an elementary level. Even though for some people it can...

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Human beings have a tendency to pursue specific hobbies that match their expectations and achievements in life. Writing is one of such pastimes and it allows individuals to think critically and improve their analytical skills. Hall identifies it as the basis upon which a person’s intellect, academic success, and organizational...

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A correct speech in the right place and at the right time can change the course of history. The phrase “I have a dream,” is now something more significant than a regular sentence. There is also a place in history for those speeches that failed and considerably lowered their speaker’s...

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Author’s Claim In her essay “Mother Tongue,” Amy Tan talks about a personal issue that is close to her both as a writer and as an individual. This issue is the judgment passed by people based on the way somebody talks. Particularly, it concerns the English language version that is...

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Amy Tan reflects on the varieties of English she uses as an Asian American. She notes the differences between the grammatically impeccable language she uses in her writing and the often incorrect phrasing she uses when conversing with her mother and husband. Amy’s mother does not possess the same grammatical...

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Semantic Development One way to promote semantic development is to ensure that learners’ surroundings reflect the language they learn – creating banners, for instance, is a way to facilitate the process of memorizing lexical units. The structural approach, that is, teaching children primarily roots and affixes and their combination, maybe...

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Introduction The translation may be defined as the complex process of text transformation from one language into another one. There are a substantial number of peculiarities connected with the difference of languages that should be familiar for a competent translator. Two texts in the English and French languages were translated,...

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Indeed, man is the most intelligent creature on earth. Even if it is the only animal endowed with the gift of speech, other animals like the chimpanzee, baboons, monkeys, gorillas, orangutans and bonobos also poses language and the ability to communicate. Language, in this context, refers to an organized open...

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Introduction Since ancient times, the Chinese people have had a special attitude to the written language as a normative and correct one. On the opposite, spoken language has always been much more prone to deviations and the appearance of non-normative elements. However, the development of the Internet has led to...

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DateDespite the decades of meticulous research, the notion of linguistic studies still has a variety of aspects that require further examination. One of these aspects concerns the emergence of a language as a verbal system of communication. Among the series of theories, researchers find it hard to identify the most...

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I: Since the beginning of this term, I have known that things would be different for students taking the American literature course in their final year. My sentiments are not meant to nullify the importance of other courses offered in the school, but to highlight the significance of this course...

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Evolution of Human Language: Biological Anthropology

Introduction The evolution of human language often results in formation of more complex words associated with corresponding images and objects. The theory of natural selection postulates that humans, unlike other primates, developed language as a natural requirement for his survival. Since homo-sapiens had the natural capacity to speak, inherent traits...

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Demography The United States Demographically, the United States of America is one of the most multinational countries of the world. The number of foreign-born citizens of the US has been rapidly growing over the last several decades. This number used to be 14.1 million people in 1980, by 1990 it...

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Introduction There are nouns in English that we classify as mass nouns. These nouns are uncountable and do not have plural forms. Occasionally, we refer to them as non-count or uncountable nouns. Mass nouns show whether a noun has a singular or plural form. The mass noun is useful when...

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The term, “The Theatre of the Absurd” originates from Martin Esslin. The meaning of the term can be traced back in 1920 and 1930s to explain the events that were taking place to ascertain the impermanency of man and all his valuables. Esslin who is a theater critic got the...

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Introduction Pronunciation is one of the difficult facets of language in which to attain native competence teachers must find ways to assist learners overcome some of the most challenging aspects of pronunciation. Teachers must accord pronunciation teaching keen attention in classrooms as it contributes towards learner proficiency. The advancement in...

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The child under this report is a grade D pupil named John* with profound difficulty in fluency in reading. Having been in this school for the last two terms of study, I realized John had general difficulty in fluency with particular reference to Meaning, Structure, and Visual information of words....

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The way we speak in informal settings is different from the way we talk or write in formal settings and there are some times I say something and someone corrects me saying that I am not observing the rules of grammar. Sometimes I start a sentence using a conjunction and...

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The Concept of Discourse Analysis

Discourse is a lengthy formal discussion of a certain subject. Discourse can be represented verbally or written. In linguistics, discourse is used to refer to texts and sometimes to a speech. There is a criteria used by writers that must be fulfilled in order for a text (spoken or written)...

Vowels in the English Language

Vowels in the English language are classified on basis of their sound in pronunciation. A vowel in the English language can be defined as a letter in the alphabet whose sound in speech is with an open mouth without constriction of the vocal tract to cause pressure whatsoever. Commonly, these...

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Why TOEFL scores should be lowered across university? The aim of this research paper is to advocate for the lowering of TOEFL/IELTS and any other standardized English proficiency test scores in university. In doing so, the author will argue on behalf of the interests of the international student to determine...