How the invention of the arch contributed to Roman dominance in the region
The invention of the round arch contributed to Roman dominance in the region due to this structure’s suitability to the task of building premises for significant numbers of people. In the vault construction, it allowed enclosing large indoor spaces, and these buildings became widely known (Frank 263). In this way, Roman solutions were more popular from the practical perspective, and this fact contributed to their better applicabilty to the world circumstances than Archaic structures of the Hellenistic era.
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Kinds of civic architecture that the Romans created
The Romans created a variety of buildings of civic architecture. They primarily included different monuments to heroes and utilitarian and religious structures (Frank 262). The examples of their work are the Colosseum and the Pantheon, which are vaulted and intended for a large audience (Frank 262). The former represents the premise intended for amusements of the population, whereas the latter is one of the major religious sites emphasizing the importance of this area for the Romans.
Why it was in the government’s interest to sponsor the building of those works
The Classical Art and architecture not only represented people’s life but also were the instruments of creating vital functional areas. The importance of structures was defined by their economic, political, and religious meaning, and it explains the government’s interest in sponsoring the works (Frank 264). Their orientation on these aspects is seen from the invention of spacious temples with icons and the constructions with metopes and portico for meetings.
In the present-day world, the government also has similar practices to the ones of the Romans regarding sponsoring the buildings, which has particular meaning. Despite the difference in architectural preferences, the motives remain the same as the political, economic, and religious sites are emphasized by the specialists. In this case, the difference in their approaches is related to the coverage of bridges and other structures by the authorities in contrast to the Romans’ sole focus on buildings.
Frank, Patrick. Preble’s Artforms. 12th ed., Pearson, 2020.