Classics are literary works that are considered the gage and main point of reference for their era or a particular genre. Previously, this term referred to certain authors of ancient literature, and later it was used to refer to all ancient Greek and Roman literature. This concept is now used in a broader sense and means exemplary works belonging to a particular historical period (Janaro & Altshuler, 2016). Masterpiece is a work that is endowed with a rare property. It does not get less impressive over time, and it opens up to new generations of readers with its artistic depths, which the readers of the previous epochs might not have captured.
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“The Art of War” by Sun Tzu is an example of a Non-Western work of literature that qualifies for the definition of classics. “Othello” by William Shakespeare, is an example of Western classics. The work of Sun Tzu preaches one main idea – war should be avoided, and military operations should be used only in extreme cases when it is necessary to preserve the state and people (Tzu, 2012). This idea makes the treatise relevant at all times and allows it to be used in modern times, not only by the military but also by managers in resolving conflict situations without human casualties. This is a methodological manual on tactics and strategies of warfare, having studied it, one can acquire the basic skills of confronting an opponent (Lee et al., 2015).
Shakespeare’s tragedy develops the theme of the death of the best people and their internal discord. On the one hand, Othello is a type of jealous person, who can be observed at all times. On the other hand, the image of this hero is one of the best Shakespearean characters. He is depicted in various ways: a brave traveler, commander, beloved by the army, a fair boss, a direct and nobleman. With Desdemona, who was captivated by the difficult life and deeds of Othello, he is united by a beautiful, human love (Shakespeare, 1890). Believing in the betrayal of his wife and depriving her of life, he did not find peace (Shakespeare, 1890). Upon learning the truth, Othello surrenders to unbridled repentance, regains wisdom, and kills himself. Victory in this tragedy of Shakespeare remains on the side of high moral principles, and the author encourages the readers of all times to fight against evil (Alkoli & Jim 2018).
Alkoli, H. A., & Ji, S. (2018). An analysis of power desire of Iago in Shakespeare’s Othello from psychological perspectives. Journal of Literature and Art Studies, 8(3), 417-421.
Janaro, R., & Altshuler, T. (2016). The art of being human (11th ed.). Pearson Education.
Lee, C., Harper, M., & Fryer, D. (2015). The art of war: Beyond memory-one strategies in population games. PloS one, 10(3), 1-16.
Shakespeare, W. (1890). Othello: The moor of Venice. Ginn & Company.
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Tzu, S. (2012). The art of war. Courier Corporation.