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The Presidents of the United States in History

George Washington (1789-1797) contributed to the adoption of the new Constitution, the Constitutional Convention. He was spreading the spirit of forswearing parties and urged people to abdicate geographical distinction (The White House).

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John Adams (1797-1801) was an excellent political philosopher who became the first vice president and then the second president of the US. He showed himself as a skillful negotiator with France and contributed to the end of the American Revolutionary War (The White House).

Thomas Jefferson (1801-1809) was a spokesman who wrote the Declaration of Independence and the law that established religious freedom. Most notably, he managed to expand the nation’s territory by Napoleon’s region, Louisiana (The White House).

James Madison (1809-1817) wrote The Federalist Papers contributing to the Constitution’s ratification. Being called a “Father of Constitution,” he also established the Bill of Rights and revenue legislation (The White House).

James Monroe (1817-1825) was successful in foreign policies that included the Monroe Doctrine which stated that the United States was against the colonization of the Spanish Empire and would not tolerate it (The White House).

John Quincy Adams (1825-1829) served as a diplomat in several political parties and was the House of Representatives’ member. He contributed to the cultural enrichment of the nation, urging the Government to fund expenditures and national universities (The White House).

Andrew Jackson (1829-1837) was a founder of today’s Democratic Party and supported human liberty. He wanted to speak not for the Government but for the common man (The White House).

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Martin Van Buren (1837-1841) was an American statesman who served as a New York Governor, New York Senator and Attorney General from New York. Most of his administration, he was trying to resolve financial problems left by President Jackson (The White House).

William Henry Harrison (1841) was the US shortest President to serve. He became famous for winning The Battle of Tippecanoe when tribes from Indiana claimed victory. This made Harrison an absolute hero and supported his military reputation (The White House).

John Tyler (1841-1845) was the first President elected without voting. He contributed to Texas’s annexation and set the boundaries between the US and Canada, signing the Webster-Ashburton treaty (The White House).

James K. Polk (1845-1849) pursued an aggressive foreign policy that led to the US expansion. He offered expanding boundaries of Canada and acquired California and New Mexico countries (The White House).

Zachary Taylor (1849-1850) was a national hero during the times of the Mexican-American War. He urged citizens of New Mexico and California to apply for statehood and was against slavery (The White House).

Millard Fillmore (1850-1853) signed the laws on California’s recognition as a free state, settling the boundaries of Texas and New Mexico, and slave trade abolishment (The White House).

Franklin Pierce’s (1853-1857) most notable achievement was the Gadsden Purchase that expanded the territory to the South and West. He hoped to diminish divisions but contributed to the outbreak of the Civil War (The White House).

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James Buchanan (1857-1861) served five times in the House of Representatives and served for ten years in the Senate. Although Buchanan attempted to prevent war, his presidency is considered a failure, as his policies contributed to the outbreak of the Civil War (The White House).

Abraham Lincoln (1861-1865) was a lawyer and used his knowledge to expand his authority as a President. He signed the Emancipation Proclamation that led to the abolishment of slavery. He led his nation to victory during the American Civil War (The White House).

Andrew Johnson (1865-1869) was the only senator from the South who remained loyal to the country. His main achievement was the purchase of Alaska. The House of Representatives impeached him because he attempted to dismiss the Secretary of War (The White House).

Ulysses S. Grant (1869-1877) led the nation to the victory in the Civil War, worked to introduce Congressional Reconstruction and tried to remove remnants of slavery (The White House).

Rutherford B. Hayes (1877-1881) worked over civil service reform and tried to mediate discords that left from the Civil War. Hayes held its promise to remove federals from the South (The White House).

James Garfield (1881), during his military service, successfully led the army at Middle Creek against Confederates. As a President, he reinforced the Federal power over the Customs House in New York (The White House).

Chester A. Arthur (1881-1885) signed the Pendleton Civil Service Act that aimed to hire people into administration according to their merits rather than the political connections. It also prohibited firing workers for political reasons (The White House).

Grover Cleveland (1885-1889) was the only President to win the elections twice, returning in 1893. He continued the merit-based hiring left from Arthur and cut the country’s expenditures more than any other Presidents (The White House).

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William McKinley (1897-1901) led the country to a win in the Spanish-American war. Becoming an expert in tariffs and making them the highest in history, he expanded the American industry (The White House).

Theodore Roosevelt (1901-1909) brought new power to the Government and introduced strong foreign policies. Steering the nation more into world politics, Roosevelt contributed to the building of the Panama Canal (The White House).

William Howard Taft (1921-1930) was the only person to serve both as a President and a Chief Justice. Being a chief civil administrator, he improved the Philippines’ quality of life by growing the economy (The White House).

Woodrow Wilson (1913-1921) led the nation into war to safe democracy. During his presidency, he introduced flexible tariffs, prohibited child labor, and decreased the working day of railroad workers to eight hours (The White House).

Warren G. Harding (1921-1923) embraced technology and supported minorities and women. Under Harding’s leadership, the Federal budget system was established, and it was possible to stop the significant powers to produce large naval vessels (The White House).

Calvin Coolidge (1923-1929) aimed to preserve the old moral and economic values of the country. To reduce the debt left from the war times, he increased taxes and cut the farmers’ budget (The White House).

Herbert Hoover (1929-1933) was a world-wide known mining engineer and was awarded the title “The Great Humanitarian” after supporting Europe that was torn by World War I (The White House).

During the presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt (1933-1945), the Nations achieved recovery. He was for Social Security, introduced higher taxes on the wealthy and numerous programs for the unemployed (The White House).

Harry S. Truman (1945-1953) helped to stop the spread of Communism in Turkey and Greece. He made the most critical decision in the country’s history by ordering the bombing of Japanese cities Hiroshima and Nagasaki (The White House).

Dwight D. Eisenhower (1953-1961) was a commanding general who later worked hard to eliminate tensions of the Cold War. He promoted education and ordered integration of schools in Arkansas (The White House).

John F. Kennedy (1961-1963) launched the programs that led to the country’s prosperity. He called for legislation of new civil rights and was a vigorous supporter of equal rights (The White House).

Lyndon B. Johnson (1963-1969) continued Kennedy’s politics on building the Great Society. Under Johnson’s presidency, the exploration of space began, and anti-poverty programs were integrated (The White House).

Richard Nixon (1969-1974) improved relationships with the USSR and China and became the first President to resign. He introduced anti-crime laws and integrated environmental programs. During his term, the American astronauts landed on the moon for the first time (The White House).

Gerald R. Ford (1974-1977) faced a difficult mission to revive a depressed economy, master inflation, and maintain world peace. His policies brought economic recession to an end (The White House).

James Carter (1977-1981) was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for solving international conflicts, advancing democracy, and for promotion of social and economic development. Moreover, he managed domestic problems such as energy shortage and destimulation of petroleum prices (The White House).

Ronald Reagan’s (1981-1989) program, the Reagan Revolution, aimed to reduce people’s reliance upon Government. Being a skillful negotiator, he could obtain legislation for economic growth stimulation (The White House).

George H. W. Bush (1989-1993) hoped to make the United Nations a gentle nation in the continually changing world. He undertook military troops from Panama and forced Iraq to leave Kuwait in the Gulf War (The White House).

William J. Clinton (1993-2001) managed to achieve the lowest inflation rate in 30 years, the lowest unemployment and crime rates. He could balance the national budget and even delivered a surplus (The White House).

George W. Bush (2001-2009) faced the most significant challenge during the terrorist attack on the Twin Towers. One of his accomplishments was an emergency plan for AIDS relief that saved millions of people (The White House).

Barack Obama’s (2009-2017) values were the upbringing of middle-class people using education and labor. He decreased income inequality, increased taxes for wealthy Americans, and improved the healthcare system (The White House).

Donald J. Trump (2017-Present) is a skillful businessman and entrepreneur. He aimed to deliver prosperity to the country using trade improvement and reformed tax code. Moreover, Trump is an accomplished author, who wrote numerous books on the business topic (The White House).


The White House. (n.d.). Presidents. Web.

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